Saturday, June 6, 2020

How Central Banks Control Money - Free Essay Example

How Central Banks Control Money Definitionof Money Supply: The whole supply of coin and other fluid instruments in a nations economy. The money supply may incorporate money, coins and parities held in checking and investment accounts. Financial specialists investigate the cash supply and make arrangements flowing around it through controlling premium rates and expanding or diminishing the measure of cash streaming in the economy. Money supply information is gathered, recorded and distributed occasionally, ordinarily by the national bank and the administration . Open and private division examination is performed due to the money supplys conceivable effects on value level, expansion and the business cycle. In the United States, the Federal Reserve approach is the most imperative central figure the money supply. The different sorts of cash in the cash supply are for the most part delegated Ms, for example, M0, M1, M2 and M3, as indicated by the sort and size of the record in which the instrument is kept. Not the majority of the groupings are generally utilized, and every nation may utilize diverse arrangements. M0 and M1, for instance, are likewise called tight cash and incorporate coins and notes that are available for use and other cash reciprocals that can be changed over effortlessly to money. M2 included M1 and, also, fleeting time stores in banks and certain currency business reserves. An increment in the supply of cash normally brings down premium rates, which in turns creates more speculation and puts more cash in the hands of customers, along these lines invigorating spending. Organizations react by requesting more crude materials and expanding creation. The expanded business action raises the interest for work. The inverse can happen if the cash supply falls or when its development rate decreases. Tools for controlling money supply: A countrys cash supply is controlled by the financial arrangement activities of its national bank. Cases of Central Banks incorporate the Federal Reserve, the Bank of England, and the Bank of Canada, indicated here . Business banks, as needed by the national bank, must keep a small amount of every acknowledged store on store either in bank vaults or in national bank stores. As needs be, a countrys national bank can keep up control of such saves by giving to business banks and adjusting the rate of enthusiasm to be charged on such advances. These activities are known as open market operations and permit national banks to accomplish a good level of reserves. In deciding a countrys money supply, its cwntral bank first sets the supply of the money related construct and maintains certain limitations with respect to the estimation of advantages and liabilities held by littler business banks. Despite the fact that the shopper interest for liquidity is managed by general society, little business banks are obliged to take care of customer demand and do as such by distinguishing certain conditions including a set premium rate which apply to the advancing of bank liabilities. Business bank conduct, at last directed by the countrys focal keeping money foundation, and in conjunction with customer interest characterize the aggregate load of cash, bank credit, and rates of premium which shape national financial conditions. The estimation of the cash supply is controlled by themoney multiplier and the fiscal base. The financial base comprises of the aggregate amount of government-delivered cash and incorporates all money held by people in general and stores held by business banks. The national bank holds tight control over its countrys cash supply through the utilization of open market operations, the discount rate, and reserve requirements. Open Market Operations : Open market operations, the most predominant instrument of money related strategy, are the conduct of a countrys central bank to exchange or buy government securities for trade in for spendable dough endeavors to grow or contract the aggregate cash supply. While buys of government securities demonstrate to grow the aggregate fiscal base, the offering of government securities will at last get a countrys money related base. Discount Rate: A countrys central bank is additionally in charge of supplying business saves money with enough cash to take care of buyer demand. By controlling the national premium rate, a national bank can sufficiently meet and further manage the buyer interest for cash. An abatement in the premium rate will start an increment in the buyer interest for cash; an increment in the rate of premium will reduce its request. Changes in the interest rate additionally assume a part in the setting of value levels. Any increment in the interest for cash will build spending levels and reason costs to rise. A decline in the interest for cash will moderate spending levels and produce a resulting diminishing in value levels. In the event that shoppers anticipate that cost levels will fall, the interest for cash will increment. In the event that purchasers anticipate that cost levels will expand, the demand for cash will decrease. Reserve Requirements: Under partial reserve banking , a countrys national bank is in charge of holding a certain division of all stores as money or on record with the national bank. National banks may change the aggregate cash supply by changing the obliged rate of aggregate stores to be held by business banks. An increment for possible later use prerequisites would diminish the money related base; a reduction in the necessities would expand the financial base. Criticism: Lately, some scholastic business analysts famous for their work on the ramifications of normal desires have contended that open business sector operations are insignificant. The Keynesian side focuses to a noteworthy illustration of ineffectualness of open business sector operations experienced in 2008 in the United States, when fleeting interest rates went as low as they could go in ostensible terms, so that not any more money related boost could happen. The fundamental elements of the national bank are to keep up low expansion and a low level of unemployment, in spite of the fact that these objectives are here and there in clash (as indicated by Phillips bend). A national bank may endeavor to do this by falsely affecting the interest for merchandise by expanding or diminishing the countrys cash supply (in respect to pattern), which brings down or raises premium rates, which empowers or controls spending on products and administrations. The national banks capacity to foresee the amount of cash ought to be available for use, given current job rates and swelling rates, is regularly faced off regarding. Financial specialists, for example, Milton Friedman accepted that the national bank would dependably fail to understand the situation, prompting more extensive swings in the economy than if it were simply taken off alone. This is the reason they upheld a non-interventionist approachà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬ one of focusing on a prespecified way for the cash supply autonomous of current monetary conditionsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬  despite the fact that practically speaking this may include standard intercession with open business operations (or other financial; strategy instruments) to keep the money supply on target. Lebanese Monetary Policy A stable monetary strategy, a strong and profoundly fluid saving money area, trust in the businesses and in the Lebanese Pound, and in addition enduring stream of settlements from the Lebanese Diaspora were the primary segments that empowered the economy to keep up its relative quality. At the money related level, BDLs primary responsibilities have been to keep up conversion scale and premium rate solidness. On one hand, BDLs record level of outside resources, which have surpassed USD 38 billion in March 2015 barring gold, furnishes it with more than adequate intends to go up against any emergency. Then again, the Bank will save no endeavors to proceed with its mediation in the securities markets without disturbing business systems. The BDL additionally turned to whimsical fiscal strategy devices to invigorate inward request and manage the nations development and employment creation potential. The boost bundles of 2013 and 2014 ended up being effective, contributing around 50% of genuine GDP development. These included motivations to bolster lodging, instruction, renewable vitality ventures, imaginative undertakings, research advancement endeavors, enterprise, and other gainful areas of the economy. In 2015, BDL reported a third boost bundle adding up to USD 1 billion, combined with the stores rotated from 2014. All the more as of late, the BDL put extra concentrate on focusing on the learning business. Lebanons very qualified human capital is well-suited to viably transform imaginative thoughts into effective organizations, making space for new business opportunities, in this way growing the nations GDP and guaranteeing maintainable advancement. Accepting that this is the new development demonstrate, and having confidence in the Lebanese youth, BDL as needs be issued Intermediate Circular 331 to urge Lebanese banks to put resources into the value capital of new businesses, hatcheries, quickening agents and different organizations working in the information economy. This inventive plan made accessible around USD 400 million to bolster inventiveness and advancement. This activity was dispatched over a year back and some USD 200 million has been conferred by the banks and put resources into start-up stores and organizations. Testing circumstances never repressed the Lebanese managing an account division to prosper. Its execution stays solid with aggregate keeping money action becoming by around 7% and with aggregate resources of banks surpassing USD 175 billion in December 2014. Bank stores became by around 6% to achieve another high of USD 151 billion at end-2014, with a dollarization proportion of 65.7%. In parallel, loaning action enrolled 7.6% development amid 2014, with aggregate credit to the private segment surpassing USD 52 billion in December 2014. The advance dollarization proportion proceeded with its descending pattern to achieve 75.6% at end-2014, its most minimal recorded as such. The Lebanese managing an account areas elevated amounts of liquidity empower business banks to fund the administration and private segment needs while keeping up a steady premium rate structure. Regarding promotion, Lebanese banks are required to achieve BDLs 12% capital sufficiency proportion in 2015, surpassing the prerequisites of Basel III. Additionally, BDL has as of late issued flyers managing customer credits and obliging the arrangement of procurements. These measures are expected as preventive strides to dodge any future emergency. Exposures of Lebanese banks working abroad are routinely checked and evaluated by BDL. The managing an account segment has the suitable administrative and supervisory structure which is in accordance with universal principles. On another note, and as a feature of its modernization arrangement dispatched in March 2014, BDL has built up two new units: the Financial Stability Unit whose mission is to screen the monetary part in Lebanon keeping in mind the end goal to maintain a strategic distance from any feasible emergency, and the Consumer Protection Unit to guarantee that banks bargain similarly with every one of their clients in a straightforward way. The Lebanese economy is as yet hinting at positive thinking. A boss variable is its human capital and the potential it needs to transform Lebanon into a provincial center for advancement, a learning economy. Another area with possibly extraordinary positive effect on the economy is that of the oil and gas. With new job opportunities and included incomes, this division will have the capacity to cut down the administration obligation to more supportable levels. Yet this idealism wont have the capacity to produce full results unless it is combined with the fitting auxiliary changes. Notwithstanding unfavorable political and security occasions, financial control remains a need if the economy is to recoup and move towards its maximum capacity.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Democracy By John Dewey Democracy - 888 Words

Democracy to me always had a propagandist vibe to it. In pop culture and movies, every instance the subject of democracy arises, it is also accompanied by some US plot to overthrow some South American communist regime. I identified democracy as a political form, a political tool, and my most preferred system of government. The American philosopher John Dewey, however, looks past the veil that democracy’s political and economic purposes produce and examines democracy instead as a way of life. Dewey identifies democracy as a truly human way of living, because it demands the participation of all the human beings that reside within its form to contribute to the values the system would provide for. Voting is the mechanism that allows the participants of a democracy to contribute and maintain those values, and honor the foundations that allow democracy to survive as the best form of living. To introduce, to Dewey, the common perception of democracy is hardly fitting of its true def inition. Dewey expands our common idea of democracy into a â€Å"way of living†, but in the general political and governmental sense dictates it as, â€Å"the best means so far found, for realizing ends that lie in the wide domain of human relationships and the development of human personality. (1110)† Dewey understands democracy to be a social way to act as an individual. Democracy enforces and idolizes the capabilities of the individual to capitalize on the contributions those capabilities can provide forShow MoreRelatedJohn Dewey s Democracy And Education907 Words   |  4 Pages In the early 1900’s, a philosopher and educational reformer by the name of John Dewey voiced his concerns about the education system in his book â€Å"Democracy and Education.† This book talked about how the education system was based around a very social type of education; an informal type of education. However, with the increase in complexity that comes with the passage of time, a need for a more structured and formal education was present. More recently, Kenneth Bernstein, a former high schoolRead MoreAnalysis Of John Dewey s Democracy And Education1819 Words   |  8 Pages John Dewey in Democracy and Education, stresses the importance of formal education and how the mass media has manipulated the uneducated in our society. However, Dewey explains how manipulation is prevented through formal education. Not only will society become intelligent, they will be better-educated citizens with knowledge about serving others. Therefore, creating citizens that want to help each other and make a successful democracy. Dewey is still speaking to us today, about the mass media andRead MoreAnalysis Of John Dewey s Democracy And Education1969 Words   |  8 PagesJohn Dewey in Democracy and Education, stresses the importance of formal education and how the mass media has manipulated the uneducated in our society. However, Dewey explains how manipulation is pre vented through formal education. Not only will society become intelligent, they will be better-educated, informed citizens with knowledge about serving others. Therefore, creating citizens that want to help each other and make a successful democracy. Dewey is still speaking to us today, about the massRead More John Dewey Essay1595 Words   |  7 Pages John Dewey was one of the greatest minds in history. A philosopher, his concern was democracy and its ideals. A thinker about the problems in education. A prominent voice in America, commanding the admiration of those who agreed with his views, and respect for his mind even from those who did not. The man: John Dewey, an American philosopher. Dewey’s pedagogy was one with three distinctive traits: it was democratic in that it called for pluralism. It was a follower of the scientific method in thatRead MoreWhen You Think Of The Word Democracy You Think About A1382 Words   |  6 Pagesthink of the word democracy you think about a politics. I am not a fan of politics at all but when someone says democracy, I think of a system of government that the population votes in a candidate through elected representatives. The schooling system does a good job noftying children that their vote counts. These are the rights that everyone has to fight about because they are very important. People always fight for the right to vote and their voice to be heard. The word democracy just does not meanRead MoreDemocratic Governance Essay1276 Words   |  6 Pagesthe most popular topics â€Å"Democracy† discussed and analyzed from the point of theoretical aspect, contemporary research, and application aspect. Objectives This Knowledge Area Module (KAM) looks at democratic governance. This breadth component begins by discussing the theoretical characteristic of democracy. For this study, democratic thoughts of Aristotle, Milton Friedman, Robert Dahl, and John Dewey will be used as guides; will find out the different ideas about democracy. In Breadth componentRead MoreDemocracy : A Truly Human Way Of Living977 Words   |  4 PagesDemocracy to me always had a propagandist sort of vibe to it. When presented pop culture and movies, every instance the subject of democracy arises, it is also accompanied by some US plot to overthrow some South American communist regime. I identified democracy as a political form, a political tool, and my most preferred system of government. The American philosopher John Dewey, however, looks past the veil that democracy’s political and economic purposes produce and examines democracy instead asRead MoreEducational Philosophy of John Dewey Essay702 Words   |  3 PagesThe Educational Philosophy of John Dewey John Dewey is known as leader of the progressive movement in the history of the American education system and his book, Democracy and Education: an introduction to the philosophy of education, could be used as a textbook to teach the foundations of the movement. Discrediting all previous educational and philosophic approaches as intellectually incomplete or inaccurate, Dewey first presents a new perspective on the nature of knowledge, education, societyRead MoreWhy School Should Be Viewed Not Only As An Institution That Conveys Skills, Familiarity, And Knowledge Essay1207 Words   |  5 Pagesby the competent States authorities. Many scholars and philosophers have made their claim about education. The famous writer, John Dewey, believes that higher education contributes to making people better democratic citizens, which in instance, Dewey argued that schools play a vital role in the shaping and the health of democracy with which I agree. John Dewey is an American philosopher education. He was born in the 19th century, in 1859 the same year as Darwin’s Origin of Species wasRead MoreBiography Of Walter Benjamin, Theodor Adorno And Max Horkheimer1348 Words   |  6 Pagescould create meaning for themselves and not only what meddage creaters wanted them to believ. ideology failed to account for indivudual meaning .. dominated and dominant Lippman and Dewey Dewey and Lippmann seem to have similar ideas when it comes to the education of the mass public and their intense critique of democracy and politics. Public Opinion(1922) by Walter Lippman, is a critical assessment of democratic government and the social perceptions that influence individual behavior and prevent

Compare the Methods Poets Use to Explore Ideas Essay Example For Students

Compare the Methods Poets Use to Explore Ideas Essay Within both of these poems, the poets use different types of poetic techniques to show how time can affect the relationship of two lovers. The language used in the two poems is very different but they both show the same prospective of time. In hour the language used is very blunt and in to his coy mistress the language is more creative and imaginative. This is shown in hour when the poet says, time hates love, whereas in to his coy mistress the poet says we cannot make our sun stand still. Both of the poets are trying to say that time is in control and it is very powerful. In hour Duffy uses personification and simile; this is shown in, loves times beggar. This suggests to us that time is loves enemy and love is begging time. The word beggar almost makes you feel sorry for love. The poet personifies time as loves enemy. In to his coy mistress Marvel uses metaphors. For example, Times winged chariot hurrying near, this suggest to us that death will be near. There are lots of imagery used in the two poems. For example, in hour Duffy says, but even a single hour bright as a dropped coin, makes love rich. This suggests to the reader that even one hour with your loved is very precious and should cherish the moment. We also see love being powerful than time for the first time. In to his coy mistress imagery is used in the first section of the poem, when the speaker says thou by the Indian Ganges side should rubies find; I by the tide of Hummer would complain. Ganges is thought be to be a sacred place India whereas the Humidifiers in north of England tend to be boring to Marvel. So this suggests to the reader that He is complimenting her as she is unique to him in a desirable way. She is the only person who fulfils the qualification in his vicinity. The both poets use different form and structure to the poems. In hour, Duffy only has one type of view which is time is always stopping love. This is followed the whole way through the poem. The first opening says, Loves times beggar and in the last stanza it says time hates love . Duffy uses at the start and at the end to show straight away that time is the enemy of love. By structuring the poem like this, the reader will have the same opinion throughout the poem. Duffy also uses short sentences, time slows, for here . Duffy has added a comma next to slows to show slowness. Some of the sentences in her poem run off, summer sky and a grass ditch, this suggest that she is excited. Hour also follows the structure of a Shakespeare sonnet. In to his coy mistress, Marvel makes his point at the end this is because in the first stanza he talks about what if they had all the time in the world, in the second what would happen if she doesnt sleep with him. Finally in the third stanza he tells her what she should do. By structuring his poem in that way Marvel shows the lover preparing his argument to his mistress to seize the day and not to hold back. In the first stanza Marvel doesnt use violent words as he does to the second and third stanzas. Marvel has written the poem in rhyming couplets. Both of the poets show different feelings and attitude. In hour the speaker wants a relationship which holds them together and wants nothing else but in to his coy mistress the speaker wants a sexual relationship. In hour the writer is frustrated with time and love being together. .ub06e237a2d4afe0df096641aaa0a972b , .ub06e237a2d4afe0df096641aaa0a972b .postImageUrl , .ub06e237a2d4afe0df096641aaa0a972b .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ub06e237a2d4afe0df096641aaa0a972b , .ub06e237a2d4afe0df096641aaa0a972b:hover , .ub06e237a2d4afe0df096641aaa0a972b:visited , .ub06e237a2d4afe0df096641aaa0a972b:active { border:0!important; } .ub06e237a2d4afe0df096641aaa0a972b .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ub06e237a2d4afe0df096641aaa0a972b { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ub06e237a2d4afe0df096641aaa0a972b:active , .ub06e237a2d4afe0df096641aaa0a972b:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ub06e237a2d4afe0df096641aaa0a972b .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ub06e237a2d4afe0df096641aaa0a972b .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ub06e237a2d4afe0df096641aaa0a972b .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ub06e237a2d4afe0df096641aaa0a972b .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ub06e237a2d4afe0df096641aaa0a972b:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ub06e237a2d4afe0df096641aaa0a972b .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ub06e237a2d4afe0df096641aaa0a972b .ub06e237a2d4afe0df096641aaa0a972b-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ub06e237a2d4afe0df096641aaa0a972b:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Poetry Discussion Questions EssayWe see this when speaker says, time hates love. It also shows us that the speaker wants a simple kind of love meaning without material possessions, this is shown when the speaker says, spend it not on flowers or wine In to his coy mistress he is cynically flattering his mistress in order to get his own way. This is shows when he says, two hundred to adore each breast. The poem also suggests that the speaker wants a violent love this is shown when the poet says, and now, like amorous birds of prey, rather at once our time devour. Overall tot poets have the same prospective of time but have different opinions on relationships. In hour the speaker doesnt want to waste time and wants to cherish every moment by being together. On the other hand to his coy mistress wants a sexual relationship. So the speaker says that time is running out for them to have sex and that they do not have all the time in the world. Both of the writers say that time will go fast so dont waste it. We will also feel time going fast when we are having fun or in love, so we should cherish every minute of our life as it will never come back once it is gone.

Sunday, April 19, 2020

King Arthur Versus Zeus Essays - Mythological Kings, Merlin

King Arthur versus Zeus Inside the compilation of mythical stories of King Arthur and His Knights of the Round Table, retold by Roger Green, and Heroes, Gods, and Monsters of the Greek Myths, two major characters in each story that could be expressed in similar and contrasting ways are Arthur, the king and head of the knights of the Round Table, and Zeus, the supreme leader of all gods and mortals. Similar resemblances that can be found in both is their shadowy lineage, their major mortal flaws, and their nature to journey on epic quests. Even though they were very similar in some aspects, the two were also very different in other means. Arthur is much more kind to his people and cares about them, while Zeus does not view his subjects as worthy of him and treats them unjustly. An additional difference is Arthur is more mild and not taking harsh action all the time, though Zeus is known for being severe. There are many similarities as well as differences that are attributed to these two mythical characters. Arthur and Zeus can be noted for their mysterious childhood and ways they were treated at infancy. Both had prophesies of prosperity that led them into adulthood. When Arthur was born, Uther Pendragon, the leader of the Britons, killed a man and married his wife, Igrayne. Uther and Igrayne had one child, but not much longer after it was born, Merlin the enchanter took him away. Soon after, the boy was placed in the arms of Sir Ector, a noble knight. Later, the youth pulled the sword out of a stone that proclaimed that he was the king of all Britain. This young man would later on grow up to be King Arthur. Not unlike Arthur, Zeus also had a unnatural background. Before Zeus was born, there was a prophecy that stated that Cronos, the king of all gods, would be overthrown by one of his sons. When Zeus was born, he was concealed from his father. As time went by, Zeus waged a war against Cronos and defeated him. Though Zeus and Arthur came from entirely different locations and times, thei r childhoods were related on account of both of them being hazy. Even though some might not consider either of the two mortal, Arthur and Zeus had very notable human-like flaws. They both seemed to rush to judgements hastily, and were very passionate towards women. When Arthur hears about King Pellinore and how he is shamelessly killing knights, Arthur runs off to fight. Obviously, Arthur does not give himself time to think, and would have died if it was not for Merlin. Another example would be when Arthur runs off to the Castle of Tarn Wathelyne and pays no heed to Sir Gawains warnings. King Arthur ends up being tricked by Morgana Le Fay and would perish save a horrid woman who forced Sir Gawain to marry her for King Arthurs life. Many times King Arthur would have been killed if it werent for his friends such as Merlin and Sir Gawain. Zeus showed the same characteristic even though it played no part in death for himself. The mighty god jumped to his feet and killed when he found out that Ascelpsius was curing mortals headed to the underworld. Lat er, Zeus regretted his act of terror and brought Ascelpsius back to life. Passionate feelings for other women, and desire for romance were huge faults in Arthur and Zeus. Arthurs feelings for Guinevere led to the downfall of the Logres. At first, when Arthur saw Guinevere, he immediately fell in love with her. Through carelessness and desire for romance, Arthur neglected Merlins advice of not marrying the queen. When Guinevere and Lancelot had an affair, a war started, and the realm was destroyed. In Zeus case, the gods are not affected by romantic affairs, but the mortals they make love with are affected. Zeus approached many different gods or mortals, even though he is already married to Hera. Hera occasionally followed Zeus, and punished the ones with whom he had affairs. The mythical figures Arthur and Zeus both have major moral flaws: rashness and crave for passion. King Arthur and Zeus are best known for their

Sunday, March 15, 2020

Physical Therapy

Physical Therapy A case study is an in-depth analysis of a phenomenon, a person, a group of people, or an event. Parts of a journal article may vary depending on the journal. Generally, parts that should be included are title, author, abstract, introduction, review of literature, methodology/materials and methods, results, discussion, conclusions, acknowledgements, conflict of interests, references, abbreviations, tables, figures, and appendix. Some journals may not require an appendix section.Advertising We will write a custom case study sample on Physical Therapy specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This article has a title, authors, background, methods, results discussion, strengths and limitations, future research, and references. The title is clear and gives sufficient information concerning the study. Below the title, all the authors/researchers are listed. Their affiliations are also indicated there. However, the authors’ affiliations are ri ght intended. The abstract is a comprehensive summary of all the components of an article. In the current article, this section is well-structured. It consists of such brief sections as background, objective, study design, methods, results, limitations and conclusions. It does not contain a discussion section. This may be attributed to the fact that journal articles have a strict word limit for abstracts. Normally, an abstract does not contain more than three hundred words. A section called background follows the abstract. In this section, the authors have combined both introduction and review of literature sections. The introduction section is short. The focus is centered on the review of literature in this section. The authors did an extensive literature review on the topic under the study. However, previous research focused mainly on the effect of exercise and weight loss in people who had osteoarthritis of the knee joint. The methods section describes the methods used to obtain information. The research was a prospective cohort study for which adults above 25 years had been recruited (Paans et al., 2013). It was carried out in Groningen (the Netherlands). The target population was adults who suffered from osteoarthritis and were either overweight or obese. The selected subjects were to follow a diet and do exercises to lose weight. Both the individual and the group sessions were carried out. Individual sessions had lasted for three months followed by group sessions that took 5 months. Data was collected using questionnaires. Adults who had BMI greater than 40 were excluded. Analyzed results are found in the results section of the article. They indicate that exercise and weight loss programs can benefit overweight and obese adults suffering from osteoarthritis. The participants reported an improvement, which amounts to 32.6% on their physical functions. They also reported a significant decline in perceived pain. The results show that weight loss and exercis e can yield positive results over a long period of time.Advertising Looking for case study on health medicine? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The authors discussed the results in a precise manner. They compared their findings with those contained in the previous studies. They reported that pain relief attributed to the two programs was significant. Immediately after this section, strengths and limitations of the study were given. Major limitations reported include a small sample size, lack of previous research, and methodology related limitations. The next sections are future research and conclusion. The authors recommended further research to confirm their findings. A random sample would suffice in future study. The article concludes that the result gained through the two programs is significant. The article components were organized as follows: title, authors, background, methods, results, discussion, limitations , conclusion and reference. The case study acknowledges an organization that funded the research. It has a list of references, which contains all the cited materials. Reference Paans, N., van den Akker-Scheek, I., Dilling, R.G., Bos, M., van der Meer, K., Bulstra,S.K., Stevens, M. (2013). Effect of Exercise and Weight Loss in People who have Hip Osteoarthritis and are Overweight or Obese: A Prospective Cohort Study. Physical Therapy, 93(2), 137-145. doi: 10.2522/ptj.20110418.

Thursday, February 27, 2020

Who Own's History Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Who Own's History - Research Paper Example Reference to history is part of humanity. It is quite hard for the society to move without visiting the history of yester years in developing policies today. Historians define history as events or scenes that occurred in the past. Past is not distinct, thereby leading to the question who determines history. The question may look cheap but quite nagging. Politicians make their references from historic events. They take there time to study historic events which had greater influence to human life, develop the event to suite their current conditions and unroll it to the society. This reason has led many people argue that history would reoccur in ones lifetime. Largely, the statement makes great sense in human life. The society owes a lot to history because the governance of the day depends on the governance of the previous day. Many people have taken their time to study what took place before their existence because the life of a man is history. Some documentation about history argues t hat a man would be ignorant if he does not take his time to explore what happened before he was born. The progress that the society boost of could only be realized when history is tabled. For instance, how would a person know his great grand father who died before he was born if history does not exist? Some people fear to study history arguing that historic events are past, yet they fail to recognize that history has influenced their lives today. This paper seeks to answer the question who determines which history is anointed as the true history. The quest for who determines which history is anointed as the true history leads to explorations of events that took place in the past. Eric Foner took his time as an historian to evaluate and determine who own history. He came out with his argument, which indicated that each individual in the society has a role in creating history. Studying history provides an opportunity for owning history. The study of the past helps in shaping the futur e by dictating the actions of today. The validity of this statement lies on the role that the government plays in the society. The government has its powers upon the people, yet it cannot exist without the people. Mr. Foner’s book who own history explores the nature of life in American history, South Africa and Soviet Union. His book provides an insight why there is no socialism in America. He goes a head to point out the importance of history in the community and the world. In the beginning of his book, Foner describes his early life in communist family. He started seeing the social and political gap that existed in America, though people claim that America is a land of liberty. The communist fight against racism influenced his life. Foner’s family had portrayed concern to the blacks whom the American white neglected or viewed as second-class citizens. Foner learnt that a person’s commitment in pursuing social justice would infuse the person’s view into history. Many articles and books that people read provide some element of truth to Foner’s view. Rising in the societal rank would expose a person to be remembered in history. Foner took this opportunity as an insight into studying history and changing the society. He took the road to academic success a means that would bring him to the limelight of history. Foner provides the history of America in his book by pointing out the social issues in the American society. He paints America as a nation that has condoned racialism under the guise of the western styles (Foner 157). His history is against the American, capitalists and democratic zeitgeist. The book portrays Foner as a left thinker. The book points the rise of Ronald Reagan and failure of the government to sustain the economy. He points the

Tuesday, February 11, 2020

Does modernization theory adequately explain the levels of Assignment

Does modernization theory adequately explain the levels of socioeconomic growth in the developing world Support your answer with appropriate examples - Assignment Example tion theory thus takes into consideration the internal dynamics with a focus on cultural and social structures as well as adaptation of new and appropriate technology. This can be seen in the development of nations like china. Socio-economic growth on the other hand is the process of economic prosperity and social development in a society. It is a process that is elite-directed and concentrates power to produce growth trajectory in households’ living standards and culture. It is therefore measured by the indicators which include GDP, literacy, employment levels and life expectancy among others. Socio-economic growth can be impacted by changes that include: laws, ecological changes, new technology as well as changes that affect the physical environment (Baumgartner, Burns, & DeVille, 2014). Understanding these two terminologies, the essay thus holds the view that modernization theory adequately explains the levels of socioeconomic growth in the developing world. This essay will give an explanation as to why the above statement is correct supporting them with examples. It is correct to state that modernization theory adequately explains the levels of socioeconomic growth in the developing world. Let us decipher this, modernization theory focuses on internal factors within a country to be responsible for underdevelopment. These internal factors may include: literacy, the attitude of the populace, communication, infrastructure, agrarian structure, laws, among others. In this essay the listed internal factors will therefore be discussed one by one to understand their implication on socio-economic development of a country. In so doing, each of the factors will be evaluated in terms of their impact on the countries physical environment, ecological changes, technology and laws and subsequently their implication on a country’s GDP, literacy, employment levels and life expectancy among others. Modernization theory takes into consideration the internal dynamics with